It rained on the grateful West Coast! Then people noticed something very weird.
The rain was filthy!
Yuck! in early February the West Coast was hit with really dirty rain! Source: National Weather Service
USA Today kindly called it “mystery milky rain”. Whatever you called it—the raindrops were filled with crud!
Of course, that isn’t the only problem the West Coast was having with rain. The Pineapple Express, a strong stream of tropical water was hosing Washington, Oregon and Northern California. There were floods, landslides and hurricane force winds blasting as far east as Nevada. Tens of thousands of people lost power.
A stream of moisture from the tropics, called a Pineapple Express, hit the West Coast. Source: NOAA
Afterwards, when residents went outside to clean up the mess—they found a real mess. The water left everything smeared with gritty grey-white residue.
Scientists are not positive, but the sunny West Coast probably got hit with volcanic rain!
Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula is covered with volcanoes and lately they have been very active. If a volcano is big enough, the debris can enter the stratosphere and linger long enough to block out incoming sunlight and cool the earth. More commonly, however, the ash and debris, (much of which is microscopic in size) just floats in the air for a while. The debris collects water and finally the raindrop holding the ash rains down to earth.
Debris from Russian volcanoes frequently get caught up in storms and carried downwind to North America.
Last month, Russia’s Sheveluch volcano exploded up to 20,000 feet into the air. At the same time, nearby Karymsky and Klyuchevskoy have also been active. They have poured a lot of junk into the air over the North Pacific and it looks like the Pineapple Express storm may have swept up some of the debris. The ashy droplets mixed with the tropical rain and visited the West Coast. Unfortunately for residents with smeared, dirty cars and windows, it looks like the ashy moisture decided to drop in and stay.
So treat that dirty rain with some respect. It may be a little visitor from Russia!
Were any of you caught up in the storm? Share it here.
Late in January, two winter storms are tag-teaming to flatten the East Coast. Ugh!
Ironically, this cold miserable weather will be brought to you by hot water!
Three late January storms—two blizzards in the East and El Niño moisture in the West.
Further west, another cold wet storm will pound the US. However, drought-stricken California and Texas will welcome the rain and mountain snow.
This welcome rainfall is also brought to you by hot water.
Whether you are talking about the blizzards in the East or drought-breaking moisture in the West, the moisture originates with the moist water-retaining air coming off the ocean.
North America, surrounded by hot water. No wonder we’re having storms!
In the East, the Gulf Stream is pouring hot tropical waters along our shores. When the cold Arctic air flows south, as it does in wintertime, it first hits the relatively warm Great Lakes, then the warm moist Atlantic air. The cold air cools the lake and ocean air, causing blizzard conditions. In late January, two storms in one week hit the lakes and Atlantic, giving four storms one long, protracted snow event.
In the West, look at the equator. It is not an official El Niño, which is a precise scientific term. However, the conditions are like an El Niño and producing El Niño type weather. Officially, it is only an El Niño Watch. It needs to last longer to officially be an El Niño event. Meanwhile, while we wait for the scientists to make their pronouncement, we are getting the type of wet, drought-breaking weather in the Southwest, that is typical of El Niño. Warm, wet Pacific air is blowing inland and bringing rainfall from California to Texas.
An El Niño Watch condition creates the type of weather typical of weak El Niños. Copyright: Browning Newsletter
So, as you shovel your driveway or grab your skis, just remember: this cold wet weather was brought to you by warm, balmy water!
Remember last winter? (Shiver!) Ninety-two percent of the Great Lakes were covered with ice, the greatest amount since 1979.
The last ice didn’t melt until June! It acted like an ice box, cooling off the Midwestern spring. It reduced 7 million tons of vital Great Lakes shipping, costing the industry and consumers more than $705 million. Fortunately experts say there will be only a normal amount of ice this year. And experts are always right. Right?
They might be wrong. The Lakes have begun icing over 10 days earlier than last year, the earliest in more than 40 years. Currently the ice amount on the Lakes is almost equal to the ice cover at the same time last year. On January 16, 2015, the entire Great Lakes had an ice cover of 24.0 percent. On January 16, 2014 the Great Lakes total ice cover was 24.5 percent. It melted slightly over the next two days, but another cold front is approaching.
This year, Lake Erie froze in a flash.
The amount of ice varies from lake to lake. From Lake Huron (27.6%) and Lake Michigan (19.1%) to Lake Superior (10.2%) and Lake Ontario (4.4%) all of the lakes have some ice. However Lake Erie, the shallowest of the lake, froze the most. From January 6 to 16, only ten days, the lake went from 5% to 88% ice coverage! Even today, it has 77% of its surface glazed. Already the Coast Guard icebreakers are out to clear the lanes so that the region’s $2 billion of shipping can continue.
There is some good news about the recent freezing. When the lakes are cold, they don’t warm the air enough to cause heavy “lake effect” snow. This freeze will reduce the amount of snowing in weary Buffalo, New York and other downwind cities.
Also, frozen lakes bring out the enthusiastic (and strange) ice lovers. Now is the time to get out your ice skates and fishing gear. The lakes and ponds have turned to hockey rinks and the fish are biting.
So have fun. Just remember to check how thick the ice is. Few moments are more frustrating than watching your car settling into the lake for an icy bath!
Zip! This January, a passenger jet broke all records for crossing “The Pond”.
A British Airlines flight reached speeds as high as 745 mph as it surfed the jet stream crossing the Atlantic. It arrived in England only 5 hours 16 minutes after it started, cutting a full hour and a half off the normal flight time.
The key to fast airplane travel: Ride the jet stream. Source: NOAA
So how does this relate to warm weather? It’s all in the jet stream, the narrow band of extremely fast winds in the upper atmosphere. Whether it’s an airplane or a winter storm, it will travel fast if it rides the polar jet stream. As cold as temperatures may get this winter, we have been helped by strong westerly winds encouraging the weather to move on out.
That’s where the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) comes in. This is a weather pattern that determines how fast or slow the jet stream and the storms it carries will cross the Atlantic Ocean. Think of it acting like a crossing guard.
The North Atlantic Oscillation acts like a crossing guard, allowing or forbidding storms from crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Credit: Microsoft
When the high and low pressure areas in the North Atlantic are very strong and different, the NAO is positive. This allows the jet stream to cross the ocean. It zips across quickly, along with any cold fronts, storms or airplanes the winds are carrying. This leaves the East Coast relatively warm.
When the high and low pressure areas are weak, the NAO is negative. This stops the cold fronts. Instead of flowing out of North America into the Atlantic, it lingers on the coast. Cold front after cold front piles up, waiting to cross the ocean.
Most of this winter, the NAO has been positive, allowing East Coast storms to flow into the Atlantic. Source NOAA
A lot of cold air has poured into the US this month. However, most of the time, the NAO has been positive and the storms rapidly streamed out into the Atlantic.
The pilot of the zippy British Airlines flight might have been grateful for the quick flight, but not as grateful as anyone in the East who didn’t have to endure a solid month of cold miserable weather.
Ever heard of the Pineapple Express? California collects weather patterns with odd names.
Does it have a drought? Blame the Ridiculously Resilient Ridge (Triple R). Did it just get super heavy rainfall? That's the fault of the Pineapple Express. Fortunately for the drought stricken state, the Triple R has faded and it has huge, wet Pineapples in its future.
Triple R: the high pressure area that blocked California rainfall for two years.
The Ridiculously Resilient Ridge was the name weathermen, starting with Daniel Swain of The California Weather Blog, gave to an obnoxious high atmospheric pressure pattern that formed off the West Coast. (A “ridge” is another name for an area of high pressure.) High pressure patterns block rainfall; think “High and Dry”. Storms veer around the high pressure areas. Normally a “High” parks off the West Coast in summer and California has a dry season. Then it drifts away and the West Coast has a rainy winter.
In 2013 and through most of 2014, the “High” refused to leave. It blocked rainfall and California had a record-breaking drought. Storm after storm was turned away by a ridge that resisted movement. It stayed put for a ridiculous length of time, earning its Triple R name.
This November, the ridge finally left. There is nothing blocking the rainfall. Yeah!
Here comes an atmospheric river to pour rain on the West Coast
Enter the Pineapple Express!
Occasionally a long stream of tropical moisture gets steered away from the tropics. These are called atmospheric rivers. Typically these “rivers” are huge bands of water vapor, 250 to 350 miles-wide that carry as much as 300,000 tons of water. This is 7 to 15 times as much as the mouth of the Mississippi River. On any given day, these bands of water vapor account for more than 90% of the movement of tropical moisture north and south.
The ones that usually hit the West Coast pass through Hawaii first, earning the name “Pineapple Express”. They are especially heavy when the Pacific is experiencing El Niño style warmth, like it is right now. In the past couple of years, the Triple R blocked these rivers of rain. Now, there is nothing in the way.
The Pineapple Express is bringing abundant rain to thirsty California.
So congratulations, California. Nothing is blocking that desperately needed rainfall. So grab your umbrella and watch out for pineapples!
It’s time to make a list of wishes for gift-buying relatives and elves. What do you give a hopeless weather watcher?
If you are like me, there are weather events you would love to see, but it is a bit hard for a present-giver to wrap up a thundersnow. For a moment, ignore reality. What are three weather gifts you wish you could get this holiday season?
Chasing tornadoes. Insane but what a rush! SOURCE: NOAA
A storm-chaser trip. Yes, I know that chasing tornadoes is dangerous, even when done by experts, but seeing a tornado is awesome. I’ve seen three. One when I was a child and it was scary in a cool, shivery way. I was in the car with my mother and we saw it in the distance. I was young enough that I knew Mommy would keep me safe and she did.
The other two were last year—in a remarkable desert thunderstorm in Arizona. The area was remote enough that no people or property were damaged and the dance of clouds and wind was magnificent.
This photo shows six rainbows. I’d settle for three. SOURCE: The Astrophysics Science Division of NASA/GFSC Credit Terje O. Nordvik
A triple rainbow. This one is a little harder to deliver. Here in the desert, with our monsoons and clear sparkling air, double rainbows are common. I’ve only seen one or two triple rainbows. They feel like magic.
The US Air Force, NOAA and NASA fly scientific observation planes inside hurricanes. What a ride!
A ride with a Hurricane Hunter or NOAA flight. Since 1943, the US Air Force has conducted flights to gather information on tropical storms and hurricanes in the Atlantic. Even though much of the current observations now come from satellites, the Air Force Hurricane Hunters, NOAA and NASA still conduct flights for the closest scientific measurements. They fly in the belly of the beast, actually entering the eye of the storm and observing development patterns. They don’t carry tourists, but if they did, (and it was affordable) I would sign up immediately.
Now you have my crazy wish list.
What would you wish for? This is a blog for weather lovers. What do you wish Santa would give you?
The only thing more spectacular than a cold spell bringing freezing temperatures to all 50 states is a cold spell that brings widespread freezes and (Boom! Sizzle!) THUNDERSNOW.
That’s what we saw this November, a massive freeze and the rare phenomenon of thundersnow.
A November surprise. Brrr! Credit: NOAA
On November 17 a massive cold spell brought freezing weather to 49 states. Only Hawaii wasn’t engulfed by the cold and even that sunny state had 31°F weather on the top of Mt. Kea. The massive freeze lingered for days. As noted in my last blog, the abnormally cold polar air mass is suspended just north of us and like the sword of Damocles, it takes very little to encourage it to fall south.
This year, however, the cold is bringing not just cold, misery and snow, but also rare thundersnows—thunderstorms that produce snow instead of rain. High winds, as strong as a tropical storm whip the land. Even worse, this weather event typically brings an additional six inches of snow. Then, when everything melts, a high risk of floods.
Thundersnow or “white lightening” Source: National Interagency Fire Center
Fortunately these types of storms are as rare as they are spectacular, but what causes them? The answer is almost absurd—a hot air sandwich.
In a normal thunderstorm, an updraft of hot surface air streams into the colder air overhead. The moisture in the warm air freezes into ice and sleet, which is heavy enough to fall. When it drops into the warmer air below, it melts back into water and rains. Sometimes, however, the updraft catches it. The clouds become very turbulent, filled with ice, slush and droplets swirling up and down. They bump into each other, creating a static charge. (It is rather like the charge that builds up when you drag your feet on a rug,) The charges accumulate and finally spark into lightning with a thunderous crackle.
Thundersnows are created by hot air sandwiches. The warmer air from the Great Lakes is lifted over the colder, heavier air around their shores. When the rain falls, it enters the cold air and refreezes into snow. Meanwhile, the storm overhear roars on.
This type of weather is not only spectacular, it is rare.
If any of you have been in a thundersnow, what was it like? Share it here, you are among weather-lovers.
Do you hear the swish of the Sword of Damocles overhead? Last winter I wrote about that ancient sword and compared it to the threat of winter cold.
Something scary is hanging overhead! (By Richard Westall. 1812)
Just as in the Greek legend, when a deadly sword hung suspended over Damocles throne (to remind him that with power came great danger and worry), so tremendous cold lies due north of the US. It is just waiting to crash in on us. It has already created the coldest November weather in decades. Wait until you feel it in January!
The Arctic sea ice at the end of August 2014. SOURCE: National Snow and Ice Data Center
While headlines have proclaimed that the October ocean temperatures were the warmest on record, what wasn't mentioned is that the Arctic was quite cold.
At the end of the summer melting season, the Arctic sea ice was 1.5 million square kilometers, (579,000 sq. miles) greater than two years ago. When it is that cold in the Arctic in summer, it usually leads to a chilly winter here in the US.
Just like Damocles’ sword, which was suspended by a horse hair, it doesn’t take much to cause that Arctic cold to drop. In October, it was a moderate volcano eruption in the northern areas of Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula, which changed air pressure and the pattern of the polar jet stream. This November, it was the combination of another Russian volcano and the remnants of the Pacific’s Super Typhoon Nuri. They combined to form a record-breaking storm off of Alaska, which traveled inland and encouraged the polar jet stream to drop south again. When it was over, every Canadian province and all but six US states had November snowfall.
From powerful Alaskan storm to snowing on 44 states, it doesn’t take much to encourage Arctic air to plunge south. SOURCE: NOAA
So keep the coats out. Like the legendary sword, sharp cold is waiting to fall on the US for the rest of this fall and winter.
One of the largest eruptions in centuries in Iceland has been ongoing for months, flooding the skies with massive pollution and…. Wait! You haven’t heard of it?
Meet the Mt. Bardarbunga/Holuhraun lava field eruption, the largest Icelandic eruption in centuries. Source: Wikipedia Courtesy of Peter Hartree
Part of the reason for this is that it hasn’t killed or severely injured anyone. It is in an isolated area of north Iceland and doesn’t even eject ash into European air traffic like the much smaller 2010 eruption of Mt. Eyjafjallajökull.
The other is that the eruption is taking place in an invisible and unpronounceable volcano. Mt. Bardarbunga is hidden under the Vatnajökull glacier, so most of its eruptions come out of the nearby Veidivötn and the Trollagigar fissures. Instead, this one is leaking out in the Holuhraun lava field.
Huge amounts of pollution are pouring out of a remote eruption under an Icelandic glacier. Source: NASA
Bardarbunga volcano started showing signs of restlessness on August 16. However, thanks to the glacier covering the area, nothing could be seen. Then on August 29, some lava finally escaped, from a nearby crack in the earth—the Holuhraun lava field. Fortunately, the eruption is very low; the largest explosion was only as high as the Statue of Liberty. So far, it is only a crack leaking lava and gas. Just in case your local newscaster doesn’t face enough tongue-twisting challenges; the only real danger from this eruption are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods).
However, it is a very huge leak. So far Bardarbunga has emitted 20,000 to 60,000 tons of SO2 per day
(compared to all of Europe which emits 14,000 tons per day) since August. It has poured out more lava than any European eruption since the 1800s. Iceland has a huge acidic smog that hurts eyes and is causing breathing problems for the elderly and asthmatic.
The eruption has continued for months. Source: Wikipedia, courtesy of Joschenbacher
The eruption, thus far, has not been large enough for scientists to worry about it affecting global climate. It is adding to local cooling, smog and acid rain and some worry that the fumes will be carried further to parts of Europe. But meanwhile, no one outside of Iceland is paying much attention. One of the largest eruptions in centuries is the eruption no one has heard about.
Right before Halloween, Washington and British Columbia were hit by a “Zombie Hurricane”.
Hurricane Ana attacked the Hawaiian Islands, died out and then its remains made a U-Turn and stormed the Pacific Northwest. Aloha!
Hawaiian Hurricane Ana before it became a “zombie”.
Lately weather watchers have playfully started calling the still dangerous remnants of tropical storms “zombies”. The problem is that a hurricane may lose its name, its structure and even its place on National Hurricane Center tracking maps, but remain dangerously strong, even deadly. The hurricanes may have died, but as long as the remnants travel over relatively warm water, they still have a lot of energy and flooding rainfall.
1991’s Perfect Storm (Officially the Unnamed Hurricane) was a zombie that came back to life. Image credit: NOAA
This year, the Atlantic was so hot that we saw two “zombies” cross the ocean and hit Europe ‒ the remnants of Bertha in August and Gonzalo in October. The warm Gulf Stream carries tropical waters across the North Atlantic, providing a “zombie” playground for dead and dying tropical storms. Indeed, the infamous Halloween Storm of 1991 (famously known as the Perfect Storm that sank the Andrea Gail and historically listed as the Unnamed Hurricane) was a zombie that turned back into a hurricane off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada.
Normally the Northeast Pacific is too cold for this to happen. The California Current, carries Alaskan waters south, chilling the entire region. However, this year, warm El Niño conditions have pushed so much warm water north that a rare Pacific event hit the West Coast. The Central Pacific Hurricane Ana swept past Hawaii. Then the notorious Pineapple Express, the stream of moisture that occasionally brings tropical rain and weather from Hawaii to the Pacific Northwest, grabbed the remnants of Ana and took it for a ride. The hot West Coast waters, kept the remnants dangerously strong.
Zombie Ana drenches the Pacific Northwest. NCEP
The storm drenched the region. It flooded some areas but did little damage. Its last moisture reached as far inland as Montana. You know the weather is turning weird when Montana and Southern Alberta get rain from Hawaii! Aloha, indeed.
For the news, “If it bleeds, it leads.” That’s why you seldom hear the good news. Here’s some good news: Bermuda was hit by two, (yes two!) hurricanes.
Huh? The hurricanes hit in a single week and Bermuda came out of it with no deaths, little damage and very little blood. The tiny tropical paradise is amazingly tough.
October has been a rough month for Bermuda. On October 12, Tropical Storm Fay slammed the island with 61 – 82 mph winds. It ripped up trees, roofs and telephone poles, destroyed some boats and left 36,000 customers in the dark. As it sailed away, the island learned that another hurricane was coming. The nation raced to clean up, so that the next storm wouldn’t hurl debris like missiles.
On October 17, Hurricane Gonzalo arrived. Once a massive Category 4, it had simmered down to a Category 2 before ripping the island with 113 mph winds. Power went out again and roofs and trees were damaged. Almost all the roads were left impassable due to fallen branches.
The result: About a million dollars damage, a few injuries, no deaths, not even in the zoo, where a roof went missing. By the next day, two thirds of the power was up, roads were clear and everyone was busy with repairs. It takes more than two hurricanes to disrupt a determined paradise.
The Atlantic was busy in mid-October. Source: NASA
The secret of success is that Bermuda is covered with pretty candy-colored concrete bunkers. The homes may look like English cottages but the island government has been very strict with building codes that ensure homes can withstand sustained winds of at least 110 mph. Everyone was prepared. The preparations paid off in lives and property protection. (As someone who was on the island when a Category 1 storm hit, I can testify that the island does an amazing job of keeping tourists safe and happy during the hurricanes.)
The island is wealthy and has used its wealth to keep its people protected. This doesn’t make headlines.
Pink beaches and practical people Source: Wikimedia
But it should. Congratulations Bermuda.
Do you have any stories to share about your area’s storm preparation or recovery? Is anyone else in an area that does it right?
Chicago, the windy—errr, snowy—city, was hit by snow during the first week of October. That’s the earliest snowfall since World War II!
For those of us who still shiver when we hear the words “Polar Vortex”, the early cold makes us worry that there will be a repeat of the frigid misery of last winter. Is there another Arctic blast waiting to freeze us again this winter.
Brrrr! Is this the future?
(As faithful readers of The Old Farmer’s Almanac know, their staff has answered “yes.” In the words of Editor Janice Stillman, "Think of it as a refriger-nation.")
The problem is that the Arctic is unusually cold. Fortunately, it is not as cold as last year, which had the coldest winter ever recorded, but still very chilly. It has been so cold that, by the end of August, there was 1.5 million square kilometers more sea ice than there was back in 2012. (It sounds so impressive in metrics!) That’s 579,000 sq. miles to Americans. This is less ice than we saw in the 1970s, when satellite measurements began, but it is impressive regrowth.
There is 1.5 million sq. km more sea ice in the Arctic than back in 2012. Source ‒ National Snow and Ice Data Center
Some scientists point out that there is a strong possibility of an El Niño this winter. That normally creates warm winter weather. Unfortunately, even if the event occurs, most scientists expect a weak to moderate event. When that happens, the warm Pacific waters warm the West and cold Arctic air plunges deep into the Midwest and East. Remember last winter, when the US weather had a split personality. An El Niño would repeat that weather split.
A weak El Niño would allow cold Arctic temperatures to drop into the Midwest, Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states as well as Eastern Canada. Source: NOAA
So, regard these early autumn snows as a warning. It’s time to get out the coats and mittens.
To get winter predictions for your area, pick up your copy of the 2015 Almanac!
PHILADELPHIA – The Federal Emergency Management Agency will evaluate a Biennial Emergency Preparedness Exercise at the Surry Power Station. The exercise will occur during the week of February 9th to test the ability of the Commonwealth of Virginia to respond to an emergency at the nuclear facility.
PHILADELPHIA – The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will evaluate a Biennial Emergency Preparedness Exercise at the Susquehanna Steam Electric Station. The exercise will occur during the week of October 21st to assess the ability of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to respond to an emergency at the nuclear facility.
Emergency preparedness exercise scheduled for the North Anna Power Station
PHILADELPHIA – The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will evaluate a Biennial Emergency Preparedness Exercise at the North Anna Power Station. The exercise will occur during the week of July 7th to assess the ability of the Commonwealth of Virginia to respond to an emergency at the nuclear facility.
PHILADELPHIA – The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will evaluate a Biennial Emergency Preparedness Exercise at the Beaver Valley Nuclear Power Station. The exercise will occur during the week of June 16th, 2014 to assess the ability of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of West Virginia to respond to an emergency at the nuclear facility.
Following is a summary of key federal disaster aid programs that can be made available as needed and warranted under President Obama's disaster declaration issued for the State of Maryland.
Assistance for the State and Affected Local Governments Can Include as Required:
WASHINGTON, D.C. – The U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Federal Emergency Management Agency announced that federal disaster aid has been made available to the State of Maryland to supplement state and local recovery efforts in the area affected by a snowstorm during the period of February 12-13, 2014.
The President's action makes federal funding available to state and eligible local governments and certain private nonprofit organizations on a cost-sharing basis for emergency work in Baltimore, Carroll, and Howard counties.
PHILADELPHIA – The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), through its regional office in Philadelphia has kicked off the 2014 Petpared Initiative to encourage pet owners to be more resilient in the face of disasters.
The goal of the Petpared Initiative is to increase the number of citizens who understand the hazards that are most relevant to their family and pets; know the corresponding protective actions to take, and to encourage everyone to practice a real-time action to increase their preparedness.
PHILADELPHIA – The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will evaluate a Biennial Emergency Preparedness Exercise at the Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station. The exercise will occur during the week of April 7th to assess the ability of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Maryland to respond to an emergency at the nuclear facility.
Following is a summary of key federal disaster aid programs that can be made available as needed and warranted under President Obama's emergency disaster declaration issued for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Assistance for the Commonwealth and Affected Local Governments Can Include as Required:
WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) announced that federal emergency aid has been made available to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to supplement the commonwealth and local response efforts due to the emergency conditions resulting from a Severe Winter Storm on February 4, 2014, and continuing.
CHARLESTON, W.Va. – The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) on site in Charleston, W.Va., and through its regional office in Philadelphia, Pa., continues to work in close coordination with the West Virginia Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management to support state and local efforts to ensure public health and safety, in response to emergency conditions resulting from a chemical spill in Charleston on Thursday.
Welcome to The Upshur Connection where people from Upshur County connect to each other and to the rest of the world. The Upshur Connection is an on-line, all-in-one, all volunteer website designed to provide our readers with knowledge that will keep them appraised of what is happening around the globe, as well as in their own backyard.
Knowledge is a powerful tool and in today’s fast-paced world things change by the minute, that is why The Upshur Connection gives our readers that tool to use every day. We provide multiple news sources to create a broad look across the spectrum of daily events. In this news marketplace, our readers can see diversity in views, both political and philosophical, allowing them to make informed judgments. FULL STORY
The 2015 West Virginia Scholar program is officially underway, and high school juniors can apply now through April 10, 2015 for the chance at winning a full scholarship to West Virginia Wesleyan College. The West Virginia Scholar program offers one high school junior the chance to win a full, fo... FULL STORY
SOUTH CHARLESTON, West Virginia – Even though snow covers the ground and the temperatures are still low, now is a good time to clean up the golf clubs and buy a season pass to West Virginia State Parks golf courses. “Golf is lifetime pursuit that can be played by those who are young o... FULL STORY
Members of the Buckhannon Chamber Orchestra will soon begin rehearsals for their annual spring concert. Local musicians who play violin, viola, cello, or bass are welcome to join the group. The rehearsals are held on Thursday evenings from 6:30 to 8:30 on the top floor of the education buildin... FULL STORY
By Michael J. Martirano, West Virginia Superintendent of Schools Common sense is the key to effective decision making. This is true when it comes to the West Virginia Next Generation Standards. These standards guide the work of teachers as they help our children learn and thrive and prepare them... FULL STORY
Expands My Brother’s Keeper with national college tour throughout 2015 WASHINGTON – The U.S. Small Business Administration kicks off the Millennial Entrepreneurs Road Show this week in Atlanta, Georgia. The road show, which is a national tour of Minority Serving Institutions (MSI), will engage ... FULL STORY
CLASSES AT ARTISTRY ON MAIN - MARCH 2015 NOTE: ALL CLASSES ARE TAUGHT AT ARTISTRY ON MAIN, 27 E. MAIN ST., BUCKHANNON, WV 304-460-2505 ALL STUDENTS (EXCEPT STARVING ARTISTS CLASSES) SIGN UP AT ARTISTRY Starving Artists Classes are held most Thursday evenings from 6-8 pm at Artistry on Ma... FULL STORY
CHARLESTON, W.Va. - Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin signed Senate Bill 237, creating Captive Cervid Farming Act: "I have great respect for the significant economic impact hunting has in West Virginia, with more than 350,000 hunters helping to create more than 5,000 jobs and generate nearly $270 million for... FULL STORY
CHARLESTON — Attorney General Patrick Morrisey warns parents to be on alert if they receive an email notification disguised as an alert of a child predator in the area. Emails claiming to be a “community safety” alert have been circulating throughout the state and nation. The alert appears to ... FULL STORY
The Adventure Advisory, prepared and distributed by Wild, Wonderful West Virginia (GoToWV), highlights some of the many activities happening across the Mountain State. Additional listings are posted at www.GoToWV.com; click the Calendar tab. Event organizers and promoters are encouraged to submit it... FULL STORY
The following list represents the most viral tracks on Spotify, based on the number of people who shared it divided by the number who listened to it, from Monday, Oct. 20 to Sunday, Oct. 26 via Facebook, Tumblr, Twitter and Spotify.
The following list represents the most streamed tracks on Spotify, based on the number of people who shared it divided by the number who listened to it, from Monday, Oct. 20 to Sunday Oct. 26 via Facebook, Tumblr, Twitter and Spotify.
LOS ANGELES (AP) — The theft of a $150,000 pearl-covered gown worn by Lupita Nyong'o at the Oscars doesn't surprise Hollywood stylists who have personally experienced the seedy side of red carpet fashion.
Hip-hop star Kanye West apologized to Beck after he loudly objected to the alternative rocker winning the Grammy for Album of the Year. "I would like to publicly apologize to Beck. I'm sorry Beck," West wrote on Twitter on Thursday. The statements of contrition come after West stole some of the limelight at the Grammys on February 8 by questioning the surprise honor for Beck's "Morning Phase," a melancholy album driven by acoustic guitar and strings.
An unprecedented lesbian kiss between two high school students on a popular South Korean TV drama has fuelled a debate about portrayals of sexuality in a rapidly modernising society with deeply conservative roots. The broadcast and internet regulatory body, the Korea Communications Standards Commission, said Friday it had received complaints about the scene which aired on Wednesday's episode of "Seonam Girls High School Investigators." "We will decide whether this is an issue after we look into it, and whether there is any violation of broadcast policy," the commission said in a statement. Homosexuality is not illegal in South Korea, but carries a significant social stigma, with few openly gay public figures. A few have experimented with gay characters, and just this month there was a kissing scene between two male actors in the drama "Kill Me, Heal Me." But the "Seonam Girls High School Investigators" scene was the first of its kind between two female characters, and so caused something of a stir.
A new DNA study of ancient corn kernels and cobs from archaeological sites across North America has settled a long debate as to exactly where […]
The post Corn entered Southwest U.S. first along highland route, DNA shows appeared first on Smithsonian Science.
Every massive galaxy has a black hole at its center, and the heftier the galaxy, the bigger its black hole. But why are the two […]
The post DARK MATTER GUIDES GROWTH OF SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES appeared first on Smithsonian Science.
The majority of stars in our galaxy come in pairs. In particular, the most massive stars usually have a companion. These fraternal twins tend to […]
The post Mismatched Twin Stars Spotted in the Delivery Room appeared first on Smithsonian Science.
The Smithsonian has launched an ambitious project to scan millions of items and make them available to the world on a searchable database. CBS reporter […]
The post 3D imaging takes Smithsonian from Washington to the world appeared first on Smithsonian Science.
A new water frog from the Pacific slopes of the Andes in central Peru has been described and named in the open access journal ZooKeys. Telmatobius […]
The post New species of bright-yellow water frog discovered in Peru appeared first on Smithsonian Science.
Native Americans and America’s early colonists ate many more blue crabs than modern researchers previously thought, according to a team of scientists studying crab remains […]
The post American Indians, colonists had healthy appetite for crabs, study shows appeared first on Smithsonian Science.
Cassiopeia A, or Cas A for short, is one of the most well studied supernova remnants in our galaxy. But it still holds major surprises. […]
The post 3-D Map of Supernova Remnant Reveals Frothy Interior appeared first on Smithsonian Science.